Fine period Ebonised Longcase clock by Joseph Windmills C.1705-1710

Superb eight day duration, five finned pillared movement with internal countwheel striking the hours on a bell, anchor escapement with a twelve inch dial, central mask spandrels, ringed winding holes, silvered Roman numeral chapter ring signed Joseph Windmills ~ Londini Fecit with minute markers and half hour Fluer-de-Lys with four outer diamond markers.

Silvered subsidiary seconds ring, square engraved calendar aperture to the fine matted centre with finely pierced and carved blued steel hands.

Well proportioned Ebonised pine case with fine red silk backed front and side frets, integral pillars and capitals to the door and quarter pillars side inspection glasses.

Concave throat and full length door with lenticel and a brass keyhole escutcheon.

The plain, full size base is terminated with a typical London style double plinth.

Standing 205cm in height


Joseph Windmills (c1640-1724), was an eminent London watch and clockmaker who, with his son Thomas, produced outstanding timepieces between 1671 and 1737.

Joseph was born around 1640/1650 and his origins are uncertain. In his first years as clockmaker, his workshop was located in St Martin's Le Grand and his house was in Blow Bladder Street before moving to Mark Lane End in Tower Street in 1687.

In 1699 he was elected as the youngest Warden of the Clockmakers' Company and sat on committees alongside Thomas Tompion, preceding him as Master of the Company in 1702.

His son Thomas completed his apprenticeship, subsequently working as a journeyman, and free of the Clockmakers' Company in about 1695. Thomas also served as Master of the Company, in 1718. The partnership J & T Windmills also took over Thomas Tompion's clock maintenance contract at the Tower of London and at Woolwich and other Crown contracts.

Windmills was regarded as one of the finest clockmakers in seventeenth century London, producing a large number of lantern clocks, bracket clocks, longcase clocks and pocket watches. His earliest watch, displayed in the British Museum, was made before 1680 and did not make use of a balance spring. Thomas Tompion's sprung balance transformed the pocket watch from ornamental item into an accurate timepiece. Joseph's last recorded attendance at the Court of the Clockmakers' Company was on 24 October 1723, ending a membership of more than thirty-two years. He died in 1724, having spent fifty-two years at his trade.

Fine Period Ebonised Longcase Clock by Joseph Windmills C.1705-1710